The Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST) was designed to simulate the activity pattern characteristic of a football game (7) - see references below.
The test comprised of two parts.
Part A consisted of 5 blocks each 15 minutes in duration, separated by 3 minutes of recovery.
Each 15-minute block consisted of intermittent high-intensity running and were designed to replicate activity pattern recorded for a football match (9).
The pattern for each block was as followed:
Part B consisted of intermittent shuttle running until individual exhaustion of the player within 10 minutes. The participants were required to run at speeds corresponding to 55% and 95% of
predicted VO2max. The speed alternates every 20 meters. This pattern was repeated continuously until the participants were unable to maintain the required speed for two consecutive shuttles at
the higher of the two intensities.
Several investigations used the LIST (1-3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11).
The test was validated against a real match comparing muscle damage, neuromuscular parameters (5) and was used to:
From the scientific literature it seems that the test can be used for testing and training, however as the test is (also) based on the players' individual VO2max (and furthermore the speed at a certain % of individual VO2max) it seems that utilizing the LIST is very time consuming and requires comparable high amount of resources.
1. Ali, A. and Williams, C. Carbohydrate ingestion and soccer skill performance during prolonged
intermittent exercise. J. Sports. Sci. 27: 1499-1508, 2009.
2. da Costa, C.S., Barbosa, M.A., Spineti, J., Pedrosa, C.M., and Pierucci, A.P. Oxidative stress biomarkers
response to exercise in Brazilian junior soccer players. Food and Nutrition Sciences 2: 407-413, 2011.
3. Delextrat, A., Gregory, J., and Cohen, D. The Use of the Functional H:Q Ratio to Assess Fatigue in
Soccer. Int. J. Sports. Med. 31: 192-197, 2010.
4. Edwards, A.M., Macfadyen, A.M., and Clark, N. Test performance indicators from a single soccer specific
fitness test differentiate between highly trained and recreationally active soccer players. J. Sports. Med. Phys. Fitness. 43: 14-20, 2003.
5. Magalhaes, J., Rebelo, A., Oliveira, E., Silva, J.R., Marques, F., and Ascensao, A. Impact of
Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test versus soccer match on physiological, biochemical and neuromuscular parameters. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. 108: 39-48, 2010.
6. McGregor, S.J., Nicholas, C.W., Lakomy, H.K., and Williams, C. The influence of intermittent
high-intensity shuttle running and fluid ingestion on the performance of a soccer skill. J. Sports Sci. 17: 895-903, 1999.
7. Nicholas, C.W., Nuttall, F.E., and Williams, C. The Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test: a field test
that simulates the activity pattern of soccer. J Sports Sci 18: 97-104, 2000.
8. Owen, J. A., Kehoe, S. J. and Oliver, S. J. Influence of fluid tae on soccer performance in a temperate
environment. J. Sports. Sci. 31: 1-10, 2013.
9. Reilly, T. Motion analysis of workrate in different positional roles in professional football match-play. J.
Human. Mov. Stud. 2: 87-97, 1976.
10. Siegler, J., Gaskill, S., and Ruby, B. Changes evaluated in soccer-specific power endurance either with
or without a 10-week, in-season, intermittent, high-intensity training protocol. J. Strength. Cond. Res. 17: 379-387, 2003.
11. Siegler, J., Robergs, R., and Weingart, H. The application of soccer performance testing protocols to the
non-elite player. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 46: 44-51, 2006.